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This regiment was raised as the Royal Regiment of Foot during the reign of Charles I, and as such was the most senior line infantry regiment within the British Army. It went through various name changes, becoming the 1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots) in 1812. In 1881, under the Childers Reform, it became the The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment).
In 1921, following the end of the Great War, the regiment was re-named the Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), which it retained until 2006 when it amalgamated with other units to become part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Note: This regiment is distinct from the Scots Guards, Royal Scots Fusiliers and the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards.