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Emigration From Calbost

Emigration From Calbost

from the Angus Macleod Archive, Kershader: by Angus "Ease" Macleod.

Voluntary redundancy became very popular in Lochs towards the end of the 19th and particularly during the early years of the 20th Century. Employment with the Hudson Bay company of Canada was popular earlier on. John Macleod "Iain Sheok", 8 Calbost 1842-1924 was there for some years before he got married in 1867.

Large numbers of Lochs men went to the sheep farms of South America in the early years of the 20th Century. Rev.Donald MacCallum, the parish minister of Keose at the time, was a recruiting agent for emigrants to South America. Other popular destinations for emigrants were South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and USA.

No doubt the impact of education played a major part in the desire of the young people to travel. It is said that some parents were afraid that education would probably give wings to their children. It seems that was a correct assessment. The voluntary schools of the 19th Century, both Gaelic and English, influenced people's outlook on life in many ways in Lewis but it was compulsory education which came about with the 1872 Act, followed up by the opening of the five public schools in the district of Pairc about 1880, that opened up the full potential of the people. These educational opportunities coincided with the restlessness and the determination on the part of the young people to seek opportunities to improve their lot in the world.

Also the independent way of life of the crofting community as crofter/fishermen encouraged enterprise and intiative. They built and owned their own homes and boats and they always worked in teams under an appointed leader such as a skipper or village grazing constable and later on a grazing committee. By the end of the 19th Century they were fully bi-lingual and reasonably well educated and therefore the whole world was their oyster. Their character was shaped by their religion and their independent way of life. The following is a list of Calbost people who emigrated to various countries.

Croft

Name

Born

Father

Destination

1

Kenny Dan Macleod

1915

John

Australia

1

Duncan Macleod

1917

John

Australia

2

Alexander Kennedy

1863

Roderick

South America

2

Margaret Kennedy

1896

John

USA

2

Cathie Kennedy

1900

John

USA

2

John Angus Kennedy

1900

Donald

USA

2

Chrissie Kennedy

1902

Donald

USA

2

Margaret Kennedy

1904

Donald

USA

2

Dolina Kennedy

1908

Donald

USA

3

Murdo Kennedy

1891

Murdo

South Africa

3

Kenneth Macleod

1880

John

South America

3

Johnnie Macleod

1883

John

South America

3

Norman Macleod

1885

John

South America

3

Kirsty Macleod

1956

Neil

USA

3

Catriona Macleod

1961

Neil

USA

4

Donald "Ruadh" Mackenzie

1856

Norman

USA

4

Donald Mackenzie

1872

Calum

South Africa

4

Allan Mackenzie

1876

Calum

Rhodesia

4

Duncan Mackenzie

1878

Calum

South Africa

4

Norman Mackenzie

1881

Calum

USA

4

Johnnie Mackenzie

1886

Calum

South America

4

Matilda Mackenzie

1888

Calum

USA

4

Roderick Mackenzie

1876

Roderick

USA

4

Johnnie Mackenzie

1878

Roderick

South Africa

5

Roderick Smith

1902

Angus

Canada

6

Marion Macleod

1837

Norman

North America

6

Johnnie Macleod

1892

Kenneth

USA

6

Bella Macleod

1892

Kenneth

USA

6

Donald Macleod

1896

Kenneth

Australia

6

Hector Macleod

1876

John

USA

6

Donald Macleod

1877

John

USA

6

Allan Macleod

19

Johnnie

Australia

6

Mary Bell Macleod

19

Johnnie

Australia

6

Kate Macleod

19

Johnnie

USA

6

Donald Macleod

1903

Angus no.8

New Zealand

6

'Son' John Macleod

19

Johnnie

Australia

6

'Son' Donald A. Macleod

19

Donald

Australia

7

Peter Mackay

1879

Calum

South America

7

John Angus Mackay

1917

Kenneth

Australia

8

Iain Macleod

1842

Jock

Canada

8

Neil Macleod

1876

Iain

Canada

8

Murdo Macleod

1876

Kenneth

Canada

8

Donald Macleod

1892

John

USA

8

James Macleod

1900

John

USA

8

Jock Macleod

1906

John

USA

8

Neil Macleod

19

Donald

Australia

8

Donald A. Macleod

19

Donald

Australia

9

John Murdo Morrison

1898

Iain

Australia

9

Murdo Morrison

1888

Neil

USA

9

Angus Morrison

1892

Neil

USA

9

Anna Morrison

1892

Neil

USA

9

Angus Morrison

1884

Angus

South America

9

Chirsty Morrison

1910

Murdo

New Zealand

10

Donald Finlayson

1890

Alastair

Australia

11

Johnnie Nicholson

1901

Murdo

USA

11

Iain Nicolson

1906

Murdo

USA

11

Anna Nicolson

1939

Angus

USA

12

Roderick Mackenzie

1881

Donald

USA

12

Catriona Mackenzie

1886

Donald

USA

12

Peggy Mackenzie

1896

Donald

USA

12

Anna Mackenzie

1896

Donald

USA

12

Annabella Mackenzie

1905

Alastair

USA

12

Katie Mary Mackenzie

1911

Alastair

USA

12

Dolina Mackenzie

1922

Alastair

USA

13

Neil Macleod

1905

Norman

Australia

13

James Macleod

1885

Donald

Canada

West End

Donald Mackenzie

1930

John

USA

Buala

Peggy Ann Morrison

19

Angus

A few of these returned but most of them never returned, not even for a holiday. Some of them made good but not all of them and the same can be said about their friends and relatives that stayed in Britain.

 

Title: Emigration From Calbost
Record Type: Stories, Reports and Traditions
Type: Story
Record Maintained By: CEP
Subject Id: 16871